The list of potential calamities that are like to become more frequent as a result of climate change seems to be growing by the day. Climate change has the potential to affect the enjoyment of human rights and is estimated to affect the most vulnerable populations the most. For some time now, discussions have taken place as to whether climate change will also result in an increase in armed conflicts. A recent paper by Halvard Buhaug of theCentre for the Study of Civil War, Peace Research Institute Oslo (published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Science ), indicates that the empirical evidence behind such claims is at best weak. Instead, Buhaug argues that political, ethnic and economic factors are better indicators.