An interesting article on the response of the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights to the situation in Libya was published on the website of the American Society of International Law (ASIL):
On March 25, 2011, for the first time in its history, the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights (“African Human Rights Court”) ordered provisional measures against Libya in the case African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights v. Great Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya. The provisional measures require that Libya “immediately refrain from any action that would result in loss of life or violation of physical integrity of persons, which could be a breach of the provisions of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights or of other international human rights instruments to which it is a party.” In addition, the African Human Rights Court ordered Libya to report to the Court within fifteen days on the steps taken in response to the Order. The Libyan government has ignored the Order.
The article highlights the relationships, dynamics, and cooperation that led to the African Human Rights Court’s Order. In particular, it emphasizes the complex relationship between the African Union, the African Commission on Human and People’s Rights (“African Human Rights Commission”), the African Human Rights Court, and non-governmental organizations (“NGOs”).
You can find the entire article here: http://www.asil.org/insights110725.cfm